New plan to solve India’s water crisis

New Delhi: In the busy, narrow streets of Sangam Vihar of South Delhi, men’s bike rides on bicycles and motorbikes to work every morning, 45-year-old Poonam Kumar goes out for a bucket in his hand. His day usually starts in a bunch of 20-odd people, all are waiting for water tanker of Delhi Jal Board. She says, “In most days, we get only two bucket water (about 20-25 liters),” Blistering Delhi Heat, which is going to maintain four families. And this tanker comes only three times a week.

Delhi is Zero for the architects of the country’s water policy. New Ministry of Water- Jal Shakti – located in the city. The National Capital is also given the priority of resources, in which only 18% of the households in the city are outside the piped water grid (the best in the country) – where there are around 200 residential colonies, such as a Kumar resides. Several benefits, the degree of water stress in Delhi is an indication of the horrors of the challenge before the country. Delhi goes to the canals carrying water in Haryana every year hundreds of kilometers away, it gets dry.

Niwit Aayog’s Advisor, Water Resources, Avinash Mishra says, “Nothing has changed, which in the summer of 2018 presents a report in which a strict warning has been issued about the future of the country’s water security.” As a country, it is business as usual. “With a stopped monsoon finally spread to India and even submerged in some parts of India including Mumbai, KJ. Former Mayor of Kochi Sohan says,” Rain water harvesting is already being forgotten “.

However, one thing about the summer of 2019 is quite different. The Central Government launched a water conservation campaign on Monday, targeting the entire monsoon period, targeting more than 250 water-stressed districts of India (covering approximately one fourth of the country). “Now the team is going out, they are going to make an assessment in consultation with the local authorities and are going to set a baseline,” says Secretary, Drinking. ” He said that there is a liquid list of about 1,200 officers. A very big person of every ministry is going.

The idea of rain water harvesting in Delhi’s policy corridors has always been discussed. It has been made mandatory for every building in the capital to establish rainwater harvesting system at least since 2001. Nevertheless, a mint of the right to information last year revealed that most government buildings in Delhi include the Supreme Court and important persons like the ones. NITI Aayog does not have rainwater harvesting system. In the radio address of his mind on Sunday, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said that only 8% rainwater is saved in the country.

The latest water conservation push may or may not be the result of a permanent change. However, it is undeniable that India’s first major climate crisis is already there. And it is in the shape of water.

Dry promises

Perhaps the best sign of Diastonian reality entering this summer of Chennai can be found in the hand pumps coming to the beach in the Marina Beach in the vicinity of the Red-and-White Lighthouse. Under the pressure of the residents of fishing villages near Nochiikuppam without the approval of the state’s Environment Department, the Chennai Metro Water Board dug 15 feet deep borewell last month. “The taste of water is fine, so we drink it,” says B Suneeta, who lives in Nohikuppam with the family of five.

The city recently stopped air conditioning on its new new Metro Rail trains to save water. Now, plan to bring 10 million liters of water from Jollarpet, about 200 km away. The first train load will arrive in the city on July 7. The irony is that the villages which mention the source point of this water train, in many instances, the government water supply only once in 10 days. India’s water ecosystem is full of such iron. Chennai gets its most regular water supply from 30 km away; Bangalore depends on cauvery water from the pipe 86 km away; And Delhi is supplied 230 km away. In these major cities, the tubes remain dry in some parts of India to keep on flowing.

This is the reason that due to the Marquee promise of the government to provide pipe water to every Indian till 2024, a special kind of alarm has arisen among the water workers. Since water is not demanded, hence the previous experience shows that the reservoir will only dry up soon after the water supply spreads in the reservoirs. Rajendra Singh, an environmentalist from Alwar says, “They will buy pipes in every house and put them in every house, but what does the pipes mean when there is no water? ”

Restoration of water bodies

This is the reason why there is now a growing stir about improving the other major general knowledge – restoring the waterbodies, which will stop dependence on distant water sources. After spending more than illion 4 trillion on dams and other engineering-heavy solutions, whose results have not been seen, Manoj Mishra, convener of the Yamuna ji campaign, says: “Need to focus on refilling our natural dams – Water and catchment areas Let the rivers be free ”

Failure to preserve natural aquifers and catchments is most evident in the rate of reduction of ground water, which is the only fall. VM Tiwari, director of the National Geophysical Research Institute, located in Hyderabad, says, “In the last two decades, there has been a significant decrease in ground water level in the northern region.

As of 2009, this area was losing ground water at 54 billion cubic meters per year, which is almost equal to the amount of water stored in Alaska glaciers, Tiwari says, it is probably the largest rate of ground water loss in any comparable. Size area on earth. According to the Standing Committee, from 1995 to 15 in 2011, with the percentage of districts with an increase in percentage of districts with ground water level, in fact, it has since worsened. water resources.

Since most of the water is derived from the fields of India (about 90% of freshwater is drained by agriculture sector every year), serious attention should be given to the consumption of India and how it is grown. Will happen. Amarjeet Singh, former special secretary of the Water Resources Ministry, says, “We are going to be an important part of the agricultural package to set up the mess in which we are in the right place.” “If you look at 60% of Maharashtra water. Used to grow sugarcane, when we are making cheeses very cheap in the international market compared to the domestic market. Even in Latur, they grow sugar cane. In the case of at least rice, about 3,000 liters of rice are produced in the production of one kilogram of rice. ), We receive $ 25 billion in export income, “he says.

Finally, the problem is that we do not really know what is happening to water, lions say. “There is a proper (annual) audit on water … where it is coming from and where it is going. We measure that every time we grow crops in the form of acreage we spend that much yield, “he says,” the crop pattern should be according to the availability of water (in the field), “he says.

Experts say that with the new national attention, many of these already present proposals and solutions can finally attract attention. For example, the Delhi government planned to build flood water ponds this week in the Yamuna. An official of the Delhi Jal Board said, “There is a plan for (the city’s) lakes ready and should be rolled out in the next 12-18 months.”

in conclusion

It is the yearly proceeding done before the monsoon, rather than that strange big initiative. For example, in Chennai, despite the city’s widespread appreciation of every building in making the rain water harvesting compulsory, its main proponent, former Chief Minister J. The absence of Jayalalitha, the important slip has withdrawn. A recent audit found that there were 40% of the buildings in the buildings which were not actually collecting water and most government buildings had no such system, which says Shekhar Raghavan of a non-governmental organization Rain Center.

But Avinash Mishra of NITI Aayog stressed that this time the “mission-mode” mentality will be. The government will get the water that was toilets for the previous government. ”

In the meantime, migrations of Delhi’s bureaucratic migrations to the troubled India will start in a few days. Union Government’s joint secretary Manish Thakur is preparing to make his first trip to a district of Rajasthan. “We are expecting a long-term change,” he says. The initial focus will be on the establishment of rain water harvesting system in the group housing societies and every government building. We are building a central dashboard to track progress.

It will not be about the theory, but the point of action, he promises. “This is not gas. By the end of September, the long-standing commitment to deliver pipe water to every Indian in the form of south-west monsoon winds, will have done.” .

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